The Charm of Walk-up Buildings – Hong Kong’s Iconic Vernacular Architecture
Other than the soaring skyscrapers and neon signage, the most prominent feature of Hong Kong’s cityscape is probably the walk-up tenement houses, or Tong Lau in Cantonese, which literally means “Chinese building”. A stark contrast to the glistening glass towers with commanding views, these multi-storeyed dwellings are nestled in the city’s bustling downtown, the signs of history evident on their time-worn façade.
Tong Lau Story
This type of housing, more accurately called “tenement house” or “shophouse”, was once a staple of urban living in Hong Kong, as well as across Southern China and Southeast Asia. The typical layout of a tong lau consisted of living quarters that were carved up and shared between different tenants, with a ground floor that was occupied by small businesses. One of the oldest walk-up buildings still standing in Hong Kong today is no. 120 on Wellington Street. Built around 1880, it was where the 130-year-old Wing Woo Grocery used to be until it closed in 2008, and the building was subsequently sold to the Urban Renewal Authority. In a city where development is often favoured over heritage preservation, many tong lau were torn down to make way for newer, taller developments. Yet in the past decade or so there has been a renewed interest in preserving the city’s cultural roots and identity.
After the turn of the 20th century, new regulations were introduced, and a lot of the then-existing tenement houses were rebuilt to ensure better health and safety and weather-proofed to better suit Hong Kong’s subtropical climate. Ventilation was vastly improved, the ceiling height was raised and the windows were enlarged; in some buildings, cantilevered balconies allowed for extra natural light. The majority of walk-up buildings we see nowadays, especially the taller blocks, were built between the 20's and 60's with reinforced concrete, replacing the Cantonese green bricks and wooden beams that were once the key structural components. The brightly coloured tenement houses on Stone Nullah Lane in Wanchai are such examples.
Something You Should Know
Tong lau has had a bad rep since it fell out of favour in the 60’s when high rise apartment and commercial buildings dominated urban development in Hong Kong. Many tong lau have seen better days and do not come with a lift or management; while that inconvenience is usually reflected in the prices, the dilapidated buildings may require frequent maintenance and occasional repairs that can become expensive. There may even be pre-existing illegal structures that need to be removed if required by the Buildings Department.
Preserve & Protect
That said, this vernacular architecture that embodies the bygone era of old Hong Kong is unique and irreplaceable. As the number of tong lau dwindled, and some controversial redevelopment projects caught the public’s attention, many people began to realise the importance of preserving and protecting the built heritage that is integral to the city’s history and cultural fabric. The approach to urban revitalisation has begun to shift from demolition and rebuilding from scratch to maintaining the existing structures and granting them a new purpose. In recent years, the Blue House Cluster and the Pawn in Wanchai, Lui Seng Chun in Mong Kok, and PMQ and Tai Kwun along Hollywood Road are fine cases of makeovers which not only saved the tenement buildings from the wrecking ball, but also gave them a new lease of life – one which younger generations can take part in.
Modern Tong Lau
With hoteliers and restaurateurs leading the way in converting tong lau into trendy eateries and lodgings, many landlords are inspired to transform their apartments within tenement houses to attract a more discerned clientele and increase rental return. Initially the renovation might be a challenge, both technically and financially, though the marriage of yesteryear’s architectural charm and today’s modern finesse, if achieved, can produce an extraordinary interior experience that will enamour the design-conscious. It is rare, if it occurs at all, for newer residential buildings to match the higher ceilings, better usability and greater sense of space in low-rise tong lau, which makes a home more humanistic and evokes more character.
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Manage Your Property
If all of this sounds daunting, consider entrusting the work to professionals. Our expert and leading Real Estate Management division, Habitat Property Management Limited specialises in handling everything on your behalf and removing the hassle - from acquisition, and renovation to leasing the property – to ensure the minimum stress and maximum returns for you. Tung Fat Building in Kennedy Town, right above the beloved modern Mexican restaurant Chino on New Praya, is one of Habitat’s proudest tong lau revitalisation works of late. It is a testament to Habitat’s capability in manoeuvring transformational projects on this scale and at this level of complexity. Whether it is a walk-up flat you want to revamp into a cosy abode, or a block of tong lau for which you have more ambitious plans in mind, Habitat Property is your reliable property partner to make your dreams come true. Browse Habitat Property’s curated portfolio of properties for rent and to buy in Hong Kong.